is located north-east of Sicily and south of the Island
of Lipari.The island of Vulcano is made up of three
volcanic units: Vulcanello (123 metres) in the north, coming
from an eruption during II century B.C., it is linked with
the island by a strip of land made up of lava flows. In
the middle, you can find the Gran Crater or Vulcanic Cone
(385 metres) which is stll active; in the south there is
the Mount Aria (499 metres), inactive, it is the top summit
of the island.
Vulcano is a very interesting island due to its volcanic
and post-volcanic phenomena. Its plateau, the widest of
the Aeolian Islands, is surrounded by hills, falling towards
the sea. Vulcanello is made up of three lined-up craters
in direction North-East/South-West. Vulcanello is constantly
monitored by the Institute of Vulcanology of the University
of Catania. The islands of Vulcano counts around 450 inhabitants
who are involved in tourism and viticulture.
In ancient times, Vulcano was considered by Greeks as an
island sacred to Efesto (god of volcanos) because it was
supposed that in the fire island gods forged their weapons.
Legends describe the crater of Vulcano as the workshop in
Efesto where Cylops worked: the original name of the island
was "HierÓ" (sacred) or HierÓ Ephaistou
(sacred to Efesto). The intense volcanic activity of the
island impressed famous historics such as Aristotele, Plinio
and Senofane. Because of this activity, the island was not
supposed to be inhabited since quite modern times. During
the Roman domination till the Borbonic period, the island
of Vulcano was exploited for its mineral resources (sulphur
alum and wood). In 1860, the Scottishman Stevenson bought
the northern part of the island, built his cottage and began
the cultivation of grape. He continued the exploitment of
the island until 1888 when a strong eruption destroyed his
equipment and forced the Scottishman to leave the island.
Nowadays, Vulcano is enjoying a great success: after the
Second World War, the famous actress Anna Magnani played
a movie on the island (opposite the movie "Stromboli"
directed by Rossellini).
Vulcano Typical cookery
Unlike the other islands, the main activities of the inhabitants
of Vulcano are sheep-breeding and hunting: therefore you
can find excellent cheese, as goat ricotta. Traditional
dishes are ricotta fritters, spaghetti with ricotta, rabbit,
sea slugs with tomato, onion and parsley.
you want to spend an holiday in Vulcano, you can book an
hotel through our online reservation center. You will find
a lot of accomodations in all the Aeolian
Islands on our website www.initalia.it